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Please help us spread the word – we’re selling our Farmall 100 tractor! It’s perfect for a commercial vegetable farm or grain farm looking to weed efficiently. We had great success mounding potatoes, weeding corn rows, etc. with it. We need to sell this so we can cashflow the expansion of our pork and broiler enterprises. Our hope is that this great tractor can help another farm increase local food production, too!



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I just spent quite a long time responding to an email about our pork production, that I thought I might post it here. Perhaps there are others out there who have the same questions. Looking for our pork? Just look for our Mendocino Meats label. Cheers!


I’m happy to answer your questions about our pork.
Yes, our pigs are born and raised at Heart Arrow Ranch. We have 23 sows (mother pigs) and 4 boars. Last year we raised out 140 pigs that went to market, and this year, we expect to almost double that. In the pork world, that is a small number. We based the number of pigs we can raise on what the land can handle without being degraded, and other resources, like feed and labor. The ranch is 2,000 acres and comprised of oak woodland – rangeland. All of our pigs are raised outdoors with access to shelter, whether that be trees in the rangeland or the barn in the winter for farrowing sows (mother pigs about to give birth). Pigs are weaned from their mothers and put out into the rangeland around 2-months old, and they go to market around 8-10 months old.
For us to raise our pigs in this manner, we raise heritage breeds of pigs – older genetics of pigs that live well outdoors. Conventional industrial pigs were bred to survive in warehouses and have very lean meat. Our pigs actually have the build and muscle conformation to endure running around outside, stronger immune systems, and a temperament where they enjoy being outdoors. Their meat has more fat than conventional pigs, which makes them tastier, as pork should be.
100% of our pig’s feed is food waste or food byproduct. We used to buy organic feed from a feed mill, but it’s more economical for us to get free or cheap food waste/byproduct that would otherwise get thrown away. While we cannot get our pork certified organic because of this, we feel that we are mitigating the endemic problem of food waste, and most organic feed is imported from abroad, having a large carbon footprint anyway. On a dry-matter basis (if all the moisture was removed), the food waste/byproduct is 50% organic. Their feed includes:
– cheese snacks deemed not salable from a manufacturer in Sonoma County
– expired bread from a local bread outlet
– hemp seed meal and other miscellaneous food byproducts, cleanings from machines, and nonsalable items from Nutiva
– surplus ingredients from test batches and excess ingredients (nut butters, fillings, soy crisps, chocolate, etc.) from Clif Bar
– spent brewery grains from Moonlight Brewing Company
We receive tons of these items and analyze their nutritional content to formulate the best rations for our pigs. We’re fortunate to have worked out the logistics of feeding our pigs this way, and the pigs seem happy for it!
Along with food waste and byproduct, our pigs enjoy foraging plants, insects, etc. in the hills, including acorns in the fall.
Most of our pigs are slaughtered at Marin Sun Farms in Petaluma. When we retire a sow (she has gotten old or is not farrowing well anymore) or boar, we take it to Redwood Meat Company in Eureka. Marin Sun Farms does not have the equipment to slaughter pigs over 450 lb, but Redwood Meat Co. does. The Local Butcher Shop and a few other butcher shops and restaurants get whole or half pig carcasses delivered to them. If we are selling cut-and-wrapped meat or sausage to a store, households, caterers, etc., the carcass goes to Sonoma County Meat Company in Santa Rosa, where it is fabricated. We are fortunate that we have a few options for USDA-inspected meat processing, and the drive is not too long from the ranch to the slaughterhouse for our pigs.
“Beyond organic” and “sustainable” have various meanings in the food and farming world, depending on who you talk to, and our farming practices reflect our personal values and mission, which you may have seen on our website. I hope this information is helpful for your project, and we wish you the best of luck! If you have any questions, feel free to get back to us.
Paula & Adam Gaska

Pigs drinking whey. Buckets of nut butter in the background.


Loading expired bread into the livestock trailer.

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Wow! If watching the above fast-paced video does not get you excited about a coalescence of international foods, producers, co-producers, and gastronomes, then the Salone del Gusto and Terra Madre are probably not for you. This is not another food and farming conference, nor another gourmet food show. Every two years, Slow Food International hosts Terra Madre in conjunction with the Salone del Gusto in Turin, Italy with the simple idea of bringing together the active participants of the Slow Food movement who would otherwise never be able to meet each other as food communities. It takes place in October, and this year, I applied and was accepted to attend as a Slow Food USA delegate.

Being a delegate

I’m honored to represent Slow Food USA and Northern California at Terra Madre and Salone del Gusto in October. While the opportunity to learn and taste at this huge event is exciting, I’m looking forward to meeting producers, chefs, and other food and farming advocates and doers from around the world and the US. The chance to visit Italy and eat cheese and agnolotti pasta is thrilling alone, yet I also hope to return home with stories and flavors to inspire what Adam and I do. There is so much to learn about farming practices, food system infrastructure, challenges and innovations, food preparation techniques, and traditions. We and Golden Vineyards are currently hosting a student intern from ESA in France, and we have learned so much from each other about the differences and similarities between our experiences as farmers. Inter-cultural exchange is so vital for food and farming, just as it is for all the arts and sciences!

I have yet to figure out which conference events I’ll attend, but I’ve already signed up for two Taste Workshops, as some of them have already sold out. I’m on a budget, so for now, I’m only opting for two – Storie di maiali felici (Happy Pigs) and I nuovi Presidi dei salumi (New Cured Meats Presidia). If you’ve been talking with me or Adam recently, my interest in these topics is no surprise…Other Taste Workshops focus on wine and regionality, beers, specific street food, and many more highly specific food and beverage topics, and everything in between. There are cooking classes, special dinners throughout Turin, bread and pizza workshops, and mixology workshops that you can pay to attend as well. The conference events are like seminars covering agricultural practices, social and environmental issues, region highlights, and biodiversity.

Slow Food

I never would have known that the snail would creep back into my life as an adult. In high school at The Madeira School, the snail is our mascot and a reference to our motto Festina Lente, or make haste slowly. This is in reference to each woman achieving her personal best at her own pace. So, at 14 years-old, the value of slow and steady was already instilled in me. (Another Lucy Madeira saying: “Function in disaster, finish in style and keep calm at the center of your being,” which has ALSO been an invaluable mantra for me as a farmer!) Incidentally, the snail is the logo for the Slow Food organization.

The Madeira School mascot

The Madeira School mascot

Slow Food snail

Slow Food snail

I read Slow Food Nation: Why Our Food Should Be Good, Clean, and Fair by Carlo Petrini in the fall of 2007, just after my first summer farming with Adam. At the time, I was living in San Francisco, applying to graduate schools, and exploring within myself as to why I was so drawn to local, sustainable farming and high quality food. By that point, Petrini’s points about the ills of industrial agriculture and the importance of revamping the food system were not new, but I liked his perspective on gastronomy and making connections for positive change. I thought I needed to continue my formal education and learn about sustainable food and farming through more schooling, but I ultimately discovered the importance of developing my relationship with the Earth and soil, and that I just needed to farm. I eventually found a paid internship at Quetzal Farm in Santa Rosa, and after, moved to Mendocino County to run Mendocino Organics with Adam.


Admittedly, I only recently officially joined Slow Food as a member. As a paying member of the Biodynamic Association, the Biodynamic Association of Northern California, the National Young Farmers’ Coalition, the Farm Bureau, etc. on a farmer’s salary, it’s really hard to financially support them all! But as with any association one chooses to join, one has a desire to connect with others sharing the same values and interests. Adam and I have always valued good, clean, fair food for all, and it has always been a goal for us to grow and raise it, and make it available to our community. I encourage people to see what their local Slow Food Chapter is up to and start strengthening our food communities.

Toward the end of Petrini’s book, he discusses the importance of a network of gastronomes and the impulse behind Terra Madre. In Petrini’s words about connecting the global food network, “The objective is to reactivate the connections, starting with those meeting the gastronome’s criteria of quality and then extending the network as far as possible.” That is why, after Terra Madre, I can be a node to activate the global connection with my local community, and the impulses and inspirations from Turin can ripple here at home. What excites me most about attending Terra Madre is the potential for possibility in my own creative journey as a food producer. I can read about the black pigs of Italy or rare varieties of rice in the Philippines, but to taste the European cured meats or talk to the rice farmer in person will be priceless. What will other people think about how we raise pigs, sheep and cows in our unique landscape, or how we practice biodynamics with Golden Vineyards?

If you want to learn more about the ills of fast food, the idea of good, clean, and fair food, new gastronomy, and food communities, definitely check out Petrini’s book! In future blog posts, I’ll pick up the Terra Madre themes of Family Farming and the Ark of Taste, and what they mean in my life at Mendocino Organics.

But food, as we have seen, is far more than a simple product to be consumed: it is happiness, identity, culture, pleasure, conviviality, nutrition, local economy, survival.

(from Slow Food Nation by Carlo Petrini, Rizzoli Ex Libris, 2007)

our experiments with cheese, ham, and salumi, amongst wine and olive oil at Heart Arrow Ranch

our experiments with cheese, ham, and salumi are just beginning, amongst wine and olive oil at Heart Arrow Ranch

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When work or life gets overwhelming, we have to take a step back and remember to take care of ourselves. We’re simple people – we don’t often go out to eat, to movies, to concerts, etc. The farm life doesn’t let us do that. For rest and relaxation, we find ourselves in the kitchen. Recently, we had a big hankering for fresh buttermilk biscuits. Admittedly, there is sweet nostalgia in buttermilk biscuits for us – we celebrated our first wedding anniversary last fall at the Philo Apple Farm where they bake divine breakfast biscuits. So, with all the fresh milk coming from Honey, our Jersey cow, we decided to make butter and buttermilk. We love Honey so much, so dairy from her makes the food even better.

butter & buttermilk

making buttermilk biscuits

buttermilk biscuits

It’s easy to get caught up in the grind, but it can burn you out and spit you out, lifeless. So we remember to momentarily step away and focus on the simple things, like a cup of tea, a phone call to mom, a good book, or homemade buttermilk biscuits! Next time, we’ll make gravy to go with them.

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There are few words to describe the drought we have been experiencing. It’s been like a twilight zone. This last rain system, we fortunately received over 8 inches of rain at Heart Arrow Ranch, but we need much more to have irrigated pasture this summer. It’s hard preparing ourselves to possibly sell off half of our animals, as we’ve been working hard to grow our business. So, we continue to pray for more rain! Despite all the uphill challenges, we are taking one day at a time with our work. Today we herded the sheep into the vineyard, and it was a joy to see them enjoy running around, let out of the lambing barn and heading for some green grass.sheep herding 1 sheep herding 2 sheep herding 3 sheep herding 4 sheep herding 5 sheep herding 6 sheep herding 7

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Lambing season started off a bit later than usual, and now that it is here, we are in full swing. We are setting up jugs (lambing pens) in the barn, which discourages mismothering. With all the newborn cries and probably hormones flying, ewes can nurse and bond in peace and order. This is an exciting time of the year.

Watch these twins take their first steps.

lamb resting 2 lamb resting 1 view of lamb nursery big lamb nursing colored ewe and lamb in jug ewe and lamb in jug smiling black lamb twin lambs dec 13

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Modern Shepherding

Our flock of sheep have been back at Heart Arrow Ranch for about a week now. Last night, we finished inventory of the flock and counted a total of 148 sheep, not including all the newborns.

Last week, we started hauling the sheep from Potter Valley, primarily because the livestock guardian dogs were being bad and wandering along public roads. We had just moved a couple ewes with newborn lambs, too. Out in the open pastures, newborns are more likely to be literally pecked off by ravens. We only have a 16′ livestock trailer right now, so it took us 6 trips to move everyone. We are not like the traditional shepherds who herd sheep miles and miles for the annual migration. If you are looking for a beautiful documentary film to watch while cozied up on your couch this winter, we recommend Sweetgrass. It follows the herding of sheep through Montana’s Absaroka-Beartooth mountains. Check out the trailer:

When we move our sheep, sometimes they get a comfy ride 🙂

lamb in truck

It’s wonderful to have the sheep back at Heart Arrow. Now we pray that it rains so the hills will green up. Friday’s snow gave us some moisture, but we’re going to need more to make sure the grass keeps growing, especially during these very short days.

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